What if elementary teachers approached the subject of Language Arts as if it was a competitive sport? Just think of it… every K-8 teacher would be part of a coaching staff charged with developing players’ language arts knowledge and skills. In this analogy, the playbook contains plays designed to help each team member achieve literacy success, which is the ultimate goal of the game! The knowledge and skills learned by each team member will grow into great competence, and every time these competencies are used to practice or compete, confidence will grow.
Every coach has a secret book of plays, right? Wouldn’t you want to know the secret strategies from the coach’s playbook? Over the next few weeks, we plan to give you a sneak-peek at the playbook and a checklist for each play, including vocabulary, grammar, composition, and writing for all purposes. You will be able to use the checklist to ensure that your special team executes each play with competence and confidence.
LITERACY PLAYBOOK: Part 1, Vocabulary
The first play in our Literacy Playbook is vocabulary development. Why? Because students need a broad knowledge of words that they can manipulate to make meaning. When students can expertly use words to communicate precisely, it will up the odds that they will be top contenders in a competition that stretches far past the boundaries of our analogy. Students who can wield their words with confidence have a greater advantage in their future careers. To help them achieve such a “win,” teach students vocabulary in a “play-by-play” approach that includes the following aspects:
For the primary levels:
·Basic alphabetic principle, letter/sound relationships and spelling
·Phonics, word patterns, and syllabication
For the intermediate levels:
· Word meaning in multiple contexts
· Word relationships (homophones, homographs, synonyms, antonyms)
· Word analogies
· Word etymology
· Figurative language and literary devices (similes, metaphors, onomatopoeia, etc.)
In Shurley English, vocabulary study “goes deep and runs wide,” and every student who is versed in the study of each of these areas of vocabulary will acquire the built-in word knowledge to become a competent and confident master of language.
As you reflect upon your current practice time with vocabulary, consider running these plays like you would run with any other team sport. Using a checklist like this will help you become a reflective teacher, one who always thinks about their craft and conducts active research about what works and what doesn’t. Use the areas listed above like a list of plays you want your students to practice and master. Observe your students carefully and check for their level of engagement. If they need more practice, call for extra practice!
Start with this question: “Am I stretching my students’ word knowledge by adding in …”
· Word meaning in multiple contexts?
· Word relationships (homophones, homographs, synonyms, antonyms)?
· Word analogies?
· Word etymology?
· Figurative language and literary devices (similes, metaphors, onomatopoeia, etc.)?
Don’t worry, Shurley English provides the “playbook,” and when you teach it like you would the secret plays from a coach’s playbook, your students will gain the competitive edge they need in the future. Their ability to read, write, and speak in a variety of situations and for various purposes will equip them with the excellent communication skills that are in high demand in every field. Stay tuned for our next installment!