A Noun is a Noun, or is it?

Nouns with Shurley.jpg

From the beginning, Shurley English teaches students to understand the role that each word plays in a sentence.  The first part of speech we begin with is the noun, and in true Shurley style, we start by going over the Noun Jingle.  The jingle and corresponding lesson teaches that a noun names a person, place, thing, or idea. 

As students progress through the curriculum, their knowledge deepens as they are introduced to more and more noun jobs.  Locating nouns by their noun job is one of the unique ways Shurley English curriculum helps students identify nouns; they learn to go to the noun jobs.

Here is a list of all the jobs a noun can perform in a sentence: 

                        SN-Subject Noun

                        OP-Object of the Preposition

                        DO-Direct Object

                        IO-Indirect Object

                        PrN-Predicate Noun

In the following sentences, take a look at the various jobs of the noun “motorcycle.”  

Shurley English Noun Jobs.png

Shurley English doesn’t just teach students to name the parts of speech and move on; it teaches them how to use those parts of speech to create well written sentences that follow the seven sentence patterns in our English language.  To sum it up, Shurley students leave your classroom with a sense of ownership in grammar and writing.  The in-depth approach Shurley English takes in teaching language arts concepts results in students that communicate with competence and confidence!

Sentence Pattern Study: Pattern 4

Pattern 4 with Shurley English.jpg

Welcome back to the third entry in my series about sentence patterns. Remember, if you recognize the pattern of a sentence’s core parts, the grammar of the sentence (or its word arrangement) will make more sense. So far, you know about Pattern 1, Pattern 2, and Pattern 3.

Now…on to Pattern 4. For this sentence pattern, you need to pay careful attention to verb. Take a look at our sample sentence:

Pattern 4 with Shurley English.png
Pattern 4 Chickens with Shurley English.png


In Pattern 4, we use a linking verb instead of an action verb. The linking verb links the subject noun to the noun that comes after the linking verb. A noun after a linking verb is a predicate noun (PrN). You know you have a Pattern 4 on your hands when you can read it forwards and backwards:

Chickens are birds  -OR-  Birds are chickens.

Even though the reverse sounds funny, it’s still true. Here is a list of common linking verbs that make this kind of connection happen: am, is, are, was, were

 

Look at these other examples of Pattern 4 sentences. Notice the linking verbs!

1. Cars are machines.

2. A butterfly is an insect.

3. A cat is a feline.

4. A dog is a canine.

5. The sun is a star.

 

Remember: If a noun comes after a linking verb and basically renames the subject noun, you have a Pattern 4!